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考博英语翻译及作文练习及答案

09年考博真题
Ⅲ.Translation (20%)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese. Please write your translation on the Answer Sheet.
   Before the Industrial Revolution scattered population and steam and later petrol engines ensured easy mobility, there could have been few family reunions as we know this ceremony at the present time, with its assembling of infrequently-encountered but still familiar figure and the consequent getting up to date with the events in other people’s lives. There must have been indeed a good deal of ‘dropping-in’, for if member of a family did not actually live in the same house, they were within easy walking distance of one another. A man rarely went very far to look for a wife and the girl who married someone from elsewhere almost certainly said a final goodbye to her parents when she was taken off to her husband’s home.
   It was the Victorians who firmly established the family reunion. Present-day impressions of this important occasion are of a strange blending of formality, plain speaking with hovering dissension and a general lack of natural warmth. The rarer such meetings, it would seem, the more important it was to reflect prosperity and propriety. Firm attention was paid to suitable clothes and decorum while hostesses must demonstrate their ability to provide abundant meals in dignified surroundings. Children eyed little-known cousins with distrust and they, together with grow-up daughters, had to entertain the company with piano-playing or recitation while their own parents beamed complacently. There was the barded exchange of news, gossip, gloomy prognostications about absent relatives, reminiscences of Uncle Albert and shared memories of childhood. The mask of formality gradually slipped and the natural individual, self-satisfied or envious, charitable or spiteful, assumed control.
Answer:
工业革命把人口分散到各地,蒸汽发动机以及后来的汽油发动机确保了方便的机动性。在这以前,像我们目前所知道的这种礼仪般的家族团聚情况可能很少发生。家族团聚时,有不常见面但仍然熟悉的人聚集到一起,从而可以了解到别人生活中最近发生的事情。的确,“顺便看望”在当时一定很频繁,因为,即使一家人实际上并不住在一起,相隔也不过几步路。男人很少到遥远的地方去娶亲,嫁给外地的女子在被带到丈夫家的时候,几乎肯定要最后地告别她的父母。
是维多利亚时代的人牢固地确立了家族团聚的风俗。当今的人们对这种重要时节的印象是一种奇怪的拘泥于形式、潜伏真纷争的直言不讳和普遍缺乏自然热情的混合体。看来,这样的聚会愈稀少,它对繁荣昌盛和切合时宜的反映作用就愈重要。在庄严的场合中,一定要讲究合适的衣服和礼仪,而女主人则必须显出能够提供丰餐的能力。孩子们以不信任的眼光看着不甚了解的堂(表)兄弟姐妹们,他们必须和成年的女儿们一起弹钢琴或朗诵来使大伙快乐,此时,父母们露出满意的微笑。免不了有些带刺的互相问长道短、闲谈聊天、对不在场的亲戚们不妙的预测,对艾伯特大叔的怀念和对童年时代的共同回忆。礼仪的假面具渐渐滑落,本能天性的人,无论是自鸣得意还是爱嫉妒的,慈厚的还是恶毒的,开始占上风。
Ⅳ. Writing (20%)
Direction : the present credit crisis in America has transformed the global financial landscape, making the whole world suffer. People have begun to question the way that the American spend their money and think of their way out. Please write a composition of 250-300 words on Facing the Global Financial Crisis on the Answer Sheet.

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