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【英语】浙江大学2002年(春)攻读博士研究生入学考试题词汇部分

PatrtⅠVocabulary( 20minutes, 20marks )
Section A (1 mark each)
Directions: There are ten sentences in this section. Each sentence has something omitted. Choose the word or words from the four choices given to the best complete each sentence.Mark the corresponding letter with a single bar on the Answer sheet 1.

1.        The chairman proposed at the meeting that we have someone with   D   and imagination to design a marketing strategy.
A.        intuition  B. enterprise  C. undertaking  D. innovation
2. The fish moved silently through the water ,   C   by short sweeps of its tail.
   A. urged   B. propagated  C. propelled  D. operated
3. A few workers have  A   the majority decision and gone into work despite the strike.
  A. defied   B. destined  C. detained  D. deferred
4. Philosophy differs from science in that its questions cannot be answered   C   by observation or experiment.
  A. emotionally   B. deliberately  C. empirically  D. extremely
5. The music the Three Brothers played yesterday is described in the paper as an explosive   C          of Latin American and modern jazz rhythms.
  A. mixture   B. welding    C. consolidation   D. fusion
6. Didn’t you find her enthusiasm for the project  A  ? Almost everyone on the team is now doing their utmost to resolve the difficulty.
A.        contagious  B. operate  C. effectual  D. infections
7. Recently a large international conference was held with the aim of promoting   B development in all countries.
  A. retainable  B. sustainable  C. unpredictable   D. unthinkable
8. A government report indicate that since the early 1970s, the proportion of high school graduates going to college has   c   at 50%.
A. confirmed   B. endured  C. stabilized  D. retained
9. The delegates to the convention insist that steps be taken to stop the  d   of the world’s tropical forests.
  A. depletion   B. termination  C. peril   D. shrinkage
10. Professor Taylor is a real expert on art, so I feel completely  B     whenever I talk to her about it.
  A. incapable   B. inadequate  C. out of mind  D. in despair


Section B (1 mark each)
Directions: There are twenty sentences in this section. Each sentence has a word or phrase underlined. Below the sentence are four words of phrases marked A, B, C and D, Choose the word or phrases that is closet in meaning to the underlined one. Mark the corresponding letter with a single bar on the Answer sheet 1.

11.The other worry is that the entrepreneur will be forced to go public too early, so the investor can recoup his investment.
   A. get back   B. get by   C. get in   D. get over
12.I n his speech, the president emphasized that the challenge to man’s future cannot be met by making marginal adjustments here and there.
  A. insecure  B. insignificant  C. moderate   D. obscure
13.Since nascent firms are more fragile than the most other traditional ones, they are even more vulnerable to economy-wide swings.
  A. newly-established  B. adventurous   C. profit-making   D. flexible
14.The success of the event will be determined by the vagaries of the wearther.
  A. discripancy   B. inconsistency    C. unpredictablity   D.malfunction
15.The effects of the drought have been exacerbated by a history of agricultural problems.
  A. degraded   B. endangered   C. aggravated   D. accelerated
16.The depression is forcing us to make a series of retrenchments, which has led to large numbers of lay-offs in the industry.
  A. recoveries   B. reductions    C. retreats  D. restorations
17.Such persons are accountants licensed on the basis of educational background, a rigorous certification examination, and relevant field experience.
  A. demanding   B. vigorous  C. accurate    D.severe
18.The association publishes the weekly magazine Science, as well a various symposium volumes.
  A. argument  B. congress   C. controversy  D.seminer
19.Some radiators have a zigzag pattern of tubes to increase their length and surface area.
A.          B.   C.   D.
20.A characteristic European village had a cluster of houses in the middle, surrounded by rudely cultivated fields comprising individually owned farmlands.
  A. layer   B. bundle  C. group  D. batch


Part Ⅱ Close test (20minutes,20 marks, 1 mark each )
Directions: Choose the best word(s) from those suggested to fill each blank in the text below, Mark your choices on Answer sheet 1.


During the past ten years a great deal of attention has been given to “telling it like it is.” My impression is that this devotion 21  speaking one’s  mind has more often 22 hurt feelings and ruined relationships than to great joy.
  I think we generally agree that never 23 real feelings and withholding all less-than-lovely thoughts about each other 24 leads to construct communication. It’s a great 25 to allow ourselves to admit our human weaknesses and pursue more honest relationships with others.26 we need to keep a balance between telling it all and telling nothing.
  Recently I received a letter from a mother who had been 27 by her son to attend a weekend meeting with him.28 pressure from the group her defenses cracked and she heard herself telling her son for the first 29 that he had been an accident-that she hadn’t been planning to have a 30 . He, in turn, told her that he couldn’t 31 a single day in his childhood that he’d been happy. “At that time”, this woman wrote, “it seemed helpful. We cried and we made up, I thought telling 32 truth had been good for us. But the trouble is, it  wasn’t the whole truth. By the time Tommy was born I did want him, and 33  he was happy. Ever since that day, we’ve  both been troubled by some terrible 34 we exchanged.” I must admit I’ve come to the conclusion that some things are better left 35. Honesty is a fine policy, but we need a new sense of balance. Disclosing is not a 36 to every problem. Nor even an end 37. It’s useful under some circumstances and terribly hurtful under 38. It’s a good idea, I think, to bite your tongue for ten or fifteen minutes before saying what’s on your 39. Try to decide whether it’s going to open up new and better ways of communication or 40 wounds that may never heal.
21. A. to   B. into   C. in   D. for
22. A. stirred up    B. led to    C. gave off   D. brought about
23. A. exhausting    B. expanding    C. expressing    D. experiencing
24. A. always      B.  seldom    C. never    D. only
25. A. belief     B. replacement    C. abandonment     D. relief
26. A. And    B. But      C. Further     D. Though
27. A. pursued    B. cheated   C. induced   D. persuaded
28. A. Form   B. Out of   C. Under   D. Along with
29. A. time    B. round  C. place  D.hour
30. A. juvenile    B. infant   C. child   D. descendent
31. A. receive    B. revise   C. recall   D. remind
32. A. the    B. no    C. any    D. little
33. A. at times    B. at a time   C. at one time   D. at the time
34. A. stories    B. feeling   C. moods    D. manners
35. A. unreported      B. unwritten    C. unhealed    D. uncovered
36. A. clue    B. decision   C. key   D. solution
37. A. on itself     B. by itself    C. for itself    D. in itself
38. A. others    B. another   C. still others   D. any other
39. A. heart     B. mind      C. lip     D. brain
40. A. cure      B. leave     C. keep     D.reject

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