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考博英语写作背诵文本





国内问题背诵文本:


This social problem/phenomenon/issue is simply/merely/just/only one of numerous/many/various socialphenomena to have become commonplace/ordinary/normal/usual/unexceptional and alreadyattracted broad/great/close/universal/general attention in China in recentyears/2007, such as fraud and deceit,the low credit, fraternal scarcity, social indifference, ill manners, illbreeding, official corruption, AIDS, energy crises, environmental pollution, awidening gap between rich and poor, money talking, the losing of affection, thespiritual void, blind worship, young suicide,
food safeties,product qualities, snowstorm disaster, the fluctuation of stock market, thesoar of Housing prices, price inflation, the sex scandal of some film stars ormoral conjuncture, andso forth. In a word/in brief/on the whole,
there isundoubtedly the reality that Commercialism and westernization erode spiritualvalues, and degenerate the cultural fabrics of a society.


over the past quarter of a century/since 1980s/for more than 20years, China has firmly implemented/enforced/fulfilled/executed/performed the policyof reform and opening up to the outside world, which has brought about/attained/gained/reached/achieved/won rapideconomic growth, sustained social progress and continuous betterment/improvement of people'sliving standard, while China has been experiencing/facing/confronting/undergoing/suffering/encountering
a variety of/a number of/ a series of/ problems andchallenges.


We must first understand thenature of the problem./in my view/in my opinion, On the one hand, It is truethat many of China'scurrent/present/existent/contemporary problems are the inevitable side effects of rapideconomic development, which, of necessity, had to occur in an unbalanced way. Onthe other hand, without the economic development in/about the great number of developing countries or third world countries,like china, there will be no real development, prosperity and stability for thewhole country. Notwithstanding/nonetheless/nevertheless/however/after all, in thelong run, Economic development had to come first, but now a more complex agendaof social and political requirements must be integrated and optimized with pureeconomic growth. So we must promote the coordinated development of materialcivilization, political civilization and spiritual civilization to build Chinainto a socialist country that is prosperous, powerful, democratic andculturally advanced.


I have some/several suggestions about this problem. First and foremost/firstly/primarily/mainly/largely/mostly, China should learn from many developed countries/some western countries to disposeof/dealwith/handle/solve/settle/iron out this social problem, including other socialproblems moral and non-moral, by means of/by/ state legislation,social policy and other relative regulations, especially/particularly because/since China has joined/become a member of the WorldTrade Organization (WTO) in 2001 and will take place/hold the 29thOlympic Games in 2008 as well as. Secondly, our government should clearly/definitelystipulate/establish the responsibilitiesand obligations of the relative/specific departments for the fulfillment/performance/implementation/execution. Thirdly, inthe long run/froma long-term point of view, we should set up/found/constitute/institute a specialeducation system/organization to promote and strengthen/encourage citizens’ awareness of environmentalprotection(替换词), and hence improvetheir values/ideas/notions of consumption and morality. In addition, thehuge/massive/large task/project/work depends on conscientious/activeparticipation and support by every Chinese citizen as well as.




教育问题背诵文本:


It is recognized by everybody that the strength of a country depends uponits education. The higher the education standards, the stronger the countrybecomes.
It should be recognized that our current educational development stillcannot fully meet the needs of the social, economic, scientific andtechnological development. Many Chinese educators, parents and politicians have long been callingfor a fundamental reform in the country’s education system in order to adapteffectively to the needs of socialistic market economy, globalization and the21st century.


Firstly, practical education shouldbe the central project of the current reform and practice on education. Secondly,humanism is the affirmation to self value andability. To develop humanism has been the trend of the modern development ofeducation. In addition, If a student has little knowledge of computer, English or business, hewill lag behind the times. Especially, as English is greatly emphasized withthe rapid development of global communication, correcting the defects thatexist in current education system are needed urgently.



学者问题背诵文本:


I think that Chinese scholarsshould possess the following six spirits. Firstly, as Thomas Edison put it, “Genius is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percentperspiration.” Secondly, as SiMaqian noted, “an alp is sosteep that you will stop your step when you look it and landscape can not gothere as well, and although I’m not capable of mounting it, I want to climb upit in my heart.” Thirdly, we should be to ordain conscience for Heaven andEarth, to secure life and fortune for the people, to continue lost teachingsfor past sages and to establish peace for all future generations. Fourthly, itis our maxim that while I have little possession at hand, I care deeply aboutmy people across the land. Having devoured ten thousand books and drawing inspirationfrom ancient thinkers, I have the whole world in my mind. Fifthly,
it is our selfhood forever that neitherriches nor honors can corrupt me, neither poverty nor humbleness can make me deviatefrom my principle, and neither threats nor forces can subdue me. sixthly, as Kant said, “there are twothings that fill my mind with ever increasing admiration and awe: the starrysky above me and the moral law within me.”

我认为中国的学者应具备以下六种精神:第一,正如爱迪生指出的那样,天才是1%的灵感加上99%的汗水。第二,如太史公司马迁说:“高山仰止,景行行止,虽不能止,然心向往之。”
第三,我们应该做到为天地立心、为生民立命、为往圣继绝学、为万世开太平。第四,我们的格言应当是这样:“身无半亩,心忧天下;读破万卷,神交古人”。第五,“富贵不能淫,贫贱不能移,威武不能屈。”将永远是我们的人格。第六,正如康德所说“有两种东西,我对它们的思考越是深沉和持久,它们在我心灵中唤起的惊奇和敬畏就会日新月异,不断增长,这就是我头上的星空与心中的道德定律。”



中西文化问题背诵文本:


For decades, we have made more criticismthan inheritance of our own traditional culture and more negative thanconfirmative. what kind of cultural awareness should we have in copying theWestern culture?
We daringlytake in those that should be taken in and decisively discard those that shouldbe discarded, namely we should extract the essence and abandon the dross fromthe Western culture. What kind of culture awareness should we have in facingour traditional culture?
The traditional Chinese culture, namely Confucianism or themixture of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and other traditional thinking inancient China,is a gigantic culture system, so we should inherit and prosper it.

中文:我们以何种文化意识复制西方文化?我们大胆地吸收那些应该吸收的果断地抛弃那些该抛弃的,换句话说,我们应取其精华,弃其糟粕。我们以何种文化意识面对我们的传统文化?传统的中国文化,或者说是儒家文化或儒家、佛家和道家文化的混合物,还有其他古代的传统思想,是一个巨大的文化体系。所以,我们应该继承和发扬。



国际合作问题背诵文本:


Recentdecades we have witnessed an obvious rise in the global average temperature,which receives serious concerns across the world. We should pursue economicgrowth, social development and environmentalprotection in a coordinated and balanced way, and developmodels of production and consumption compatible with sustainable development. Therelevant international community should increase financial input andinformation sharing and step up cooperation in research, development andinnovation of technology. The Chinese government should build aresource-conserving, environment-friendly society in its strategy ofindustrialization and modernization. Wen also called on other countries to joinhands in dealing with climate change and promoting harmonious, clean andsustainable development in the world



利弊分析问题背诵文本:


Obviously, this question would be answered by everyone in our life, oneof the most disputable and controversial questions too.

中文:很明显,这个问题是我们在生活中都要回答的一个问题,也是最富有争议的一个问题之一。


Advantage and disadvantage are two sides of the same coin. we shouldsee one side of the advantage while looking at another side of thedisadvantage. The answer to

this question, in my perspective, may be no absolute, no right orwrong, and depends on different people. On the one hand, the biggestdisadvantage is that ………………………. In this case, undoubtedly, It should betotally accepted(denied) by us.

中文:利弊是同一个钱币的两个面,我们在看到利的一面的同时,也要看到不利的一面。以我来看,对于这个问题的回答可能不是绝对的,可能没有对与错之分,它要取决于不同的人。


Nevertheless, on the other hand, in the long run, apparently the vastmajority of young/old people consider the disadvantage potential bigger thanthe advantage, assuming that
…………. Interms of this angle, we have to acknowledge that …….. is half-and-half of theadvantage and the disadvantage.


In summary, to tell the truth, I prefer …… to ……. I think that people’s preference aredifferent from each other, and that no amount of getting after them is going tochange them. Nor is there any reason to change them, because the differencesare probably good, not bad.

中文:说句实话,总的来讲,两者相比,我更喜欢……。我认为,人们的偏好是彼此不同的,并且大多数人们的偏好是很难改变的。不过,也没有任何理由去改变他们,因为这种偏好的不同或许是好的,而不是坏的。































Looking forward: China'smajor events in 2008

(挑选性背诵)


Preventeconomic overheating, curb inflation


The economy has grownfaster than 10 percent annually for the past five years. The primary task of China's2008 economic work has been set: "to prevent the economy from becomingoverheated and to
guard against a shiftfrom structural price rises to inflation." Fueled by continuous food pricehikes, the consumer price index(CPI) jumped by 6.9 percent in November, thehighest in nearly 10 years. This sharp increase indicated acceleratinginflation pressure. Higher food prices, including those of pork -- thecountry's staple meat -- had a strong impact on people's lives, especiallylow-income earners. Inflation could affect China's stable economic developmentand the government has put a high priority on curbing price hikes. In 2008, China shiftedits monetary policy from a "prudent" stance, which the country hadfollowed for the last 10 years, to "tightening." China will usetighter monetary policies and prudent fiscal policies to ensure structuraladjustment and uniform economic development.


Hostthe 2008 BeijingOlympic Games


Beijing will host the 29thSummer Olympic Games starting on Aug. 8 and the Paralympics on Sept. 6. Fromstadium construction to recruitment of volunteers, China has tackled preparation forthe upcoming games. As the Beijing Olympics logo says, 'One world, One dream,' Chinais trying to provide best services for the competitors and spectators. Chinaalso intends to showcase an open and harmonious Chinato the world and carry forward the Olympic spirit in China.


Markthe 30th anniversary of reform and opening up


This year will be the30th anniversary of China'sreform and opening up. At the end of 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the11th CPC Central Committee was held in Beijing,starting an era of reform and opening up. The session adopted the policy ofreform and opening up and shifted the work of the party and state from"taking class struggle as the key link" to economic development. Fromthe countryside to the city, great changes have taken place in Chinasince that decision, which has been proven correct by history.


Implementlaws to promote social justice and harmony


New laws are takingeffect in 2008 to promote social justice and harmony. The Labor Contract Law,which took effect on Tuesday, entitled employees who have at least 10 years'service in one company to sign contracts that protect them from dismissalwithout cause. It also required employers to contribute to employees' socialsecurity accounts and set wage standards for probation and overtime.

Also from Tuesday, amilestone corporate income tax law took effect. The law set a unified incometax rate for domestic and foreign companies at 25 percent. This came afteryears of criticism that the original dual income tax mechanism, intended toattract foreign investment, was unfair to domestic enterprises. Theanti-monopoly law, which aims to ensure fair competition, will take effect onAug. 1. Lawmakers said the statute will improve market regulation and provide abetter environment for domestic and foreign investors.


Launchthe Shenzhou VII spacecraft


China's third manned spacemission is scheduled to be launched in 2008. Compared with the previous twomanned space flights, the upcoming Shenzhou VII space mission, which includes aspace walk, is more complex. The crew is also scheduled to performextravehicular work such as installing equipment and tightening screws. Thereare 14 astronauts undergoing extensive training for this project and learningto cope with any contingencies. The Shenzhou VII is expected to carry threeastronauts in 2008 on a Long March 2Fcarrier rocket that is being tested now. China launched its manned spaceprogram in 1999. It successfully sent Yang Liwei, the country's firstastronaut, into orbit on the Shenzhou V spacecraft in 2003. Yang spent about 21hours in orbit. Two years later, astronauts Fei Junlong and Nie Haishengcompleted a Chinese record five-day flight on the Shenzhou VI. All astronautsreturned safely.


HuJintao to visit Japan


Chinese President HuJintao will visit Japan thisspring, which will be the first visit by a Chinese President to Japan in adecade, since former President Jiang Zemin's journey in 1998. Hu's trip wasscheduled by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Japanese Prime Minister YasuoFukuda, who concluded a Chinavisit last week. In 2008, the two countries will mark the 30th anniversary ofthe signing of the China-Japan Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Meanwhile, youthexchange programs will be promoted to observe the China-Japan Friendly ExchangeYear of the Youth in 2008. Long-term, stable and friendly relations are thecommon goal of people in both countries and the responsibility of theirleaders.


Improvepeople's livelihood


The government promisedto establish a cooperative health care network covering all rural residents bythe end of 2008. Also, by the end of 2010, it will extend the medical insurancesystem for employed urban residents, aiming to provide safe, effective,convenient and low-cost public health and medical services to the entirepopulation. Chinawould also set up an independent system for the production, procurement anddistribution of basic drugs, and also a government fund to allocate moresubsidies to rural cooperative medicare and urban insurance. Medical reformsstarted in 1992 with the aim of creating a multi-faceted system to satisfydifferent types of public demand. China will continue to spend moreon education in 2008 and expand free nine-year compulsory education among ruraland urban children. The government has also vowed to curb rising housing pricesto help urban low-income families, by expediting the low-rent housing systemand improving the affordable housing system.

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