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考博英语作文模板




(1)不同观点列举型(选择型)
  There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____.But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from personto person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In theirviews there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the firstplace, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____.So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.
  People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people holdthe idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand,___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore,there is no doubt that ___观点二______. 
 As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that__观点一或二______. It is not only because ________,but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
(2)利弊型的议论文
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issuethat)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantagesin __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there areseveral positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly___优点二_____.
Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides",__讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negativeaspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______.
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. Inthat case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
(3)答题性议论文
Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issuethat)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every oneof us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve thisproblem.
As we know that there are many steps which can be takento undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, anotherway contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.
Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______,we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I wouldprefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.
4) 谚语警句性议论文
It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语_______"has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study.It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through aseries of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )
A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore,it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb____谚语_____.
With the rapid development of science and technology inChina, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practicaluse to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware ofthe significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our dailystudy and job.
(5)图表作文的框架
    As is shown/indicated/illustrated bythe figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart),___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadilyrising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/markeddecline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.
  There are at least two good reasonsaccounting for ______. On the one hand,________. On the other hand, _______is due to the fact that________. In addition, ________ is responsible for_______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonlyconvincing.
  As far as I am concerned, Ihold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种:

1.开门见山,揭示主题

文章一开头,,就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度假)的开头是: I Spent my last vacation happily

下面是题为"Honesty"(谈诚实)一文中的开头:

Honesty isone of the best virtuesAn honest man is always trusted and respectedOn the contrary,one who tells lies is regarded as a "liar"and is looked upon by honest people

2.交代人物、事情、时间或环境开头

在文章的开头,先把人物、事件和环境交待清楚。例如"A Trip to Jinshan" (去金山旅游)的开头:

The day beforeyesterday my class went on a bus trip to Jinshan. The bus ride there took threehours. The long trip made us very tired, but the sight of the beautiful sea refreshedus.

3. 回忆性的开头

用回忆的方法来开头。例如"A Trip to the Taishan Mountain"(泰山游)的开头是:

I remembermy first trip to the Taishan Mountain as if it were yesterday.

4.概括性的开头

即对要在文章中叙述的人或事先作一个概括性的介绍。如“The Happiness of Reading Books”(读书的快乐)的开头:

People oftensay that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I say thatto read books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledgeand knowledge gives us power.

5.介绍环境式的开头

即开头利用自然景物或自然环境引出要介绍的事物。如“An Accident”(一场事故)的开头是:

It was a rainyand windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, and the streetwas nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speeding car cameround the corner.

6.交待写作目的的开头。

在文章的一开头就交待写作目的,如通过文章要表扬谁,批评谁,或说明一个什么问题等。如"Pollution Control" (控制污染)的开头:

In this articleI shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control.

英语作文的文章的正文

文章的正文是由若干段落组成的,段落通常由几个或者更多的句子组成,有时候一个句子也能成段。

文章的正文应以文章的开头为线索,具体地叙述、说明或论证文章的主题。文章不论长短,每个段落都必须为主题服务。像说明文和议论文这一类的文章,一个主题还常分成几个小主题,每个小主题要用一个段落处理,另起一段时,应是一层新的意思。每一段的开头,要放一个表示段落小主题的主题句,这样可使文章条理化,易于阅读,便于读者抓住主题。段内的所有句子应围绕主题句的意义加以阐述或论证,为中心思想服务。句子之间应衔结自然,有条不紊,而且还要合乎逻辑,段落中不能出现任何与主题无关的句子;英语写作比较重视主题句的作用,缺少它段落意义就会含糊不清。主题句也可放在段落的中间和末尾等部位,但对初学者来说,以放在段首为好。见下列这篇题为"Howto Be a Good Student" (怎样做个好学生)的文章:

We students arethe builders and masters of the country. It is important for us to know how tobe a good student.

A good student,I think, should be diligent in his studies. The more he studies, the more he willincrease his knowledge. Without enough knowledge, we cannot make great contributionsto the modernization of our country.

To take care ofone's own body is another important thing for good student to do. Anyone, who hasn'tgot a strong body, can do nothing for his country, even if he has much knowledge.There was a man, who, when he was student, studied hard but neglected his health.No sooner did he come to serve the country than he died of poor health. From thiswe may see that to have a strong body is really very important for a student.

Lastly, to cultivateone's own virtue is most important. Virtue is the essence

of a noble andgood character. It will greatly help one to be useful and his country heart andsoul. When learned people go astray, they do more harm than good to society. Weshould draw lessons from this.

这篇文章的第一段引出了文章的主题,第二、第三和第四段则是文章的正文,每—段的第一句即是段落的主题句,它们既支持了文章中心的观点和思想,同时又概括了全段的意思。在同一段落中,其余的句子都围绕主题句所表示的中心展开,同时句子间的衔结也很自然;各层的意思都很连贯。

分段是文章组织上重要的一步,但如果写的题目范围很小,那就无须再将题目分成小的主题,并分入各个段落去阐述了。像一篇简短的评论;某一事情的简短记载,某一个想法的说明,对一个人物或一件事情的简要叙述或说明等,就可以只用一个段落来表现主题。

在记叙文中,段的结构有时可以很简单,不需要有主题句,叙事一气呵成,中途没有停顿。段与段之所以分开,只是为了起修辞作用,以便把某一细节置于显著的地位。

某些测试用的表达题,在题目中就已经说明只需要根据。所给的提示写一个段落,而不是一篇文章。对于这一类的写作试题,就可以予以简洁的处理,并不是非要扩充成一篇有头有尾的完整文章。

下面这篇题为“WeekendHomework”(谈周末作业)的短文,就是用一个段落来论述问题和表达观点的。

Usually Saturdaynight is the time for students to get back to their desks and do their weekendhomework. Six school days are enough for the students who have many other interests.I think weekend homework should not be given. With homework arranged for Saturdaynight and the whole of Sunday, when can he find time to help around the house,play a game of football or see a good film, or just relax? In fact weekend homeworkis usually put off until Sunday night. As a result our homework is done very poorlyand we achive no results. If there were no homework on weekends, students wouldgo to school on Monday well rested, willing to work. Teachers, don't you agree?

英语作文的文章的结尾

文章结尾的作用是概括全文内容,进一步强调或肯定文章的中心思想,使文章意义表达得更加深刻。

文章结尾的形式也是多种多样的,常见的有以下几种:

1.首尾呼应,画龙点睛

在文章的结尾,把含义较深的话放在末尾,以点明主题,深化主题,起到画龙点睛的效果。如"ICannot Forget Her" (我忘不了她)的结尾:

After her death,I felt as if something were missing in my life. I was sad over her passing away,but I knew she would not have had any regrets at having given her life for thebenefit of the people.

2.重复主题句

结尾回到文章开头阐明的中心思想或主题句上,达到强调的效果。如“ILove My Home Town”(我爱家乡)的结尾:

I love my hometown, and I love its people. They too have changed. They are going all out to domore for the good of our motherland.

3. 自然结尾

随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。如“Fishing”(钓鱼)的结尾:

I caught as manyas twenty fish in two hours, but my brother caught many more. Tired from fishing,we lay down on the river bank, bathing in the sun. We returned home very late.

4.含蓄性的结尾

用比喻或含蓄的手法不直接点明作者的看法,而是让读者自己去领会和思考。如“ADay of Harvesting”(收割的日子)的结尾:

Evening came beforewe realized it. We put down our sickles and looked at each other. Our clothes werewet with sweat, but on every face there was a smile.

5.用反问结尾

虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,并具有特别的强调作用,引起读者深思。如"Should We Learn to Do Housework?" (我们要不要学做家务?) 的结尾。

Everyone shouldlearn to do housework. Don't you agree, boys and girls?

6.指明方向,激励读者

结尾表示对将来的展望,或期待读者投入行动。如“Let'sGo in for Sports”(让我们参加体育运动)的结尾:

As we have saidabove, sports can be of great value. They not only make people live happily butalso help people to learn virtues and do their work bettter. A sound mind is ina sound body. Let's go in for sports.

文章的结尾没有一定的模式,可以根据表达主题的需要灵活创造。一般的习惯是,一些记叙文和描写文经常采用自然结尾的方法;但说理性和逻辑性较强的说明文和议论文则往往都有结束语,以便使文章首尾呼应,结构完整

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